The Internet of Things is changing everything and is being used in just about everything you can think of, from deeply geeky applications such as industrial sensors to frivolous gimmicks like Wi-Fi enabled toothbrushes. The following picture shows the taxonomy of IoT use cases.
Let us look at each use cases in detail:
Wearable technology is a hallmark of the Internet of Things. Wearables are devices that are with you. They range from pills you might swallow, a Fitbit, a watch, to your mobile phone.
2. Smart Homes
These use cases try to monitor and improve your home giving you peace of mind, comfort, and efficiency.
- Homes, offices, and lodging: Connected devices include TVs, refrigerators, lights, thermostats, smoke detectors and other sensors, security systems and much more.
- Smart gardens (e.g. watering, status monitoring)
- Hotels using IoT for room keys
Farmers are using IoT to track equipment location and performance, and increased livestock grazing in open pastures.
- Sensor-based field and resource mapping
- Livestock tracking and geofencing
- Climate monitoring and forecasting
- Winemakers in the Mosel Valley in southwest Germany are using an Internet of Things system called TracoVino.
4. Smart Cities
Smart Cities brings everything together and provides a macro view of everything. They focus on improving public infrastructure and services that make the urban living better.
Following are some of the use cases.
- Smart parking ( e.g. find parking spots)
- Traffic management (sensors, Drones), air quality and water quality, smart road tax
- Security: Surveillance, gunfire sensors, Smart Street lightings, Flooding alerts
- Smart buildings (energy, elevators, lighting, HVAC), Smart bridges/ constructions
- Urban planning
- Trash bin sensors for effective trash collection
- Smart Benches
Use cases come in many forms and shapes and likely they will get integrated with and change our lives at many different levels. Some more examples are given below:
- IoT-based pest control
- Optimizing the power grid
- Imbuing jet engines with artificial intelligence
- Saving the bees
- Using drones to help save the rainforest and prevent forest fire
- Using sensors to make driving safer